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Map skills

Key Questions Knowledge, Understanding, Skills, Content Activities Resources
·         What are maps like and why are they used? ·         maps can show a variety of different information and can be used by different people for different reasons

·         to be able to interpret and predict what maps show and who might use them

·         work together to discuss ideas

·         display different types of map around the room

·         brainstorm different types of map that pupils know or have used; discuss when and where they have used them

·         pupils walk around the room with WS identifying type of map, main features, who might use them and when they might be used

·         discuss findings and complete any gaps

·         prep – spider diagram poster showing types of map and their uses

·         laminated maps (OS, street, road, atlas page, weather map, population density, shopping centre, theme park, relief, school map, satellite image)

·         WS

·         How can we show direction on a map? ·         4 cardinal points and the other 4 main points

·         most maps should have a Northing

·         how to give and use compass directions

·         starter: put a cross on board and ask what is it? Pupils to guess and after a few attempts put a little more up, eg. S at the bottom, continue until all cardinal points, then other 4 points, have been found

·         introduce mnemonic to remember N-E-S-W

·         in pairs, pupils to come up with a better one

·         complete ‘Using Direction’ worksheet

·         do activities on OHT

·         complete activities on Which Direction’ WS

·         extension/prep: navigation exercise

·         Using Direction WS

·         OHTs

·         photocopied map of Rewood Holiday Village

·         navigation exercise WS

·         What are lines of latitude and longitude? ·         to understand that the imaginary lines of latitude and longitude help us navigate around the world and enable us to pin-point places exactly

·         lines of latitude measure how far North or South a place is from the Equator

·         lines of longitude measure how far East or West a place is from the Greenwich Meridian

·         to be able to identify and label the main lines of latitude and longitude

·         Q&A how did explorers find their way around the world centuries ago?

·         explain that they used the sun and came up with the idea of imaginary lines criss-crossing the globe

·         introduce lines of latitude & longitude – complete WS

·         ‘Following lines of latitude and longitude’ WS

·         finding places using latitude and longitude WS

·         Africa WS

·         extra: Imaginary World WS

·         globe

·         latitude & longitude intro WS

·         following lines of latitude & longitude WS

·         Finding places using latitude & longitude WS

·         Africa WS

·         Imaginary World

·         What are map symbols?

·         Why do we use them?

·         to understand what map symbols are and why we use them

·         to be able to recognise some of the more common map symbols

·         starter: cut out sketches and map symbols and match them – stick into exercise books once completed correctly and checked by teacher

·         discuss why we use map symbols

·         redraw map using correct map symbols

·         complete Trinity Island WS (Foundations p.113)

·         signs and symbols crossword

·         map symbols bingo

·         sketches/symbols sheet

·         scissors, glue

·         WSs

·         Foundation textbooks

·         Bingo cards

·         What are 4-& 6-figure grid references? ·         to know what 4-& 6-figure grid references are

·         to know how to use find places using 4-& 6-figure grid references

·         to know how to give 4-& 6-figure grid references for places

·         starter: put extract of a map onto the board and ask where X is

·         discuss the difficulty of locating somewhere accurately – introduce idea of co-ordinates – link to idea of latitude & longitude

·         use basic grid to introduce idea of giving a 4-figure grid reference for certain places (OHT)

·         as a class, locate symbols on grid on OHT

·         complete short exercise on ‘Four Figure Grid References’ WS

·         link aerial photos and grid references

·         recap what has been learnt with ‘Using Grid Lines’ WS

·         introduce concept of 6-figure grid references by enlarging one grid square with tenths lines (‘Using Six Figure Grid References’ WS)

·         complete ‘Grid Reference Question Sheet’

·         project/extended exercise: Paradise Island

·         map extract

·         grid OHT

·         Four Figure Grid References WS

·         Aerial photo & grid reference WS

·         Using Grid Lines WS

·         Using Six Figure Grid References WS

·         Gird Reference Question Sheet

·         Paradise Island WS

·         What is scale and how do we use it on maps?


·         to be able to correctly use scale


·         starter: pupils to write their name in bubble writing in a box (10cm x 5cm), then larger (20cm x 10cm) and smaller (5cm x 2.5cm)

·         discuss what they have done – enlarging/reducing

·         introduce scale on map, using at least two maps as examples of the same area

·         work through scale WS

·         two maps of the same area, one in 1:25,000 and one in 1:50,000

·         scale WS

·         How do we measure distance on a map? ·         to be able to measure distance on a map accurately ·         ask a pupils how far it is from school to Dorking or the top of Box Hill – then put up a map of the local area and ask the same question

·         introduce the idea of using a piece of paper to measure distance

·         question sheet to practise measuring distances

·         measuring distances prep sheet

·         map of local area

·         strips of paper

·         question sheet

·         prep sheet

·         How is it possible to show height on a map? ·         to understand the meaning of the term ‘relief’

·         to understand that there are two main ways of showing height on a map

·         to know how to interpret maps using spot heights and contours

·         to know how to use and draw contour maps

·         to know how to recognise some simple, common contour patterns

·         starter: ask a pupil to draw a hill on the board; will probably draw it from the side

·         recap the idea that maps are taken from a bird’s eye view and hills are therefore drawn from above; introduce how we can draw this; discuss the idea of contour lines

·         complete questions on WS

·         contour models

·         questions on WS

·         contour models WS

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