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Coastal environments

Key ideas Essential content Scale Required exemplification Field trip – Out of classroom learning
Physical processes give rise to characteristic coastal landforms. ·         Processes: marine (wave characteristics and erosion; longshore drift; wave deposition); sub-aerial (weathering; mass movement).

·         Landforms: erosion (headlands and bays; cliffs; wave cut platforms; caves; arches and stacks); depositional (beaches; spits; bars)

·         Role of geological structure, vegetation, people and sea-level changes (estuaries and raised beaches).

 

Regional

and local

  Field trip – Barton – on – Sea.

Sketch maps

Beach measurement

Profiles etc

Distinctive ecosystems develop along particular stretches of coastline. ·         Coastal ecosystems and biodiversity (coral reefs and mangroves).

·         Factors affecting the distribution of coastal ecosystems.

Global

and local

  Mapping, analysis, photographs
Management of both physical processes and human activities is needed to sustain coastal environments. ·         Coastal ecosystems are of value to people, but are threatened by tourism and other developments (industrialisation; agricultural practices; deforestation).

·         Conflicts between different users of the coast and between development and conservation.

·         Coasts as a natural system of interdependent places. Coastal retreat, flooding and natural processes. Coastal protection: soft and hard defences; management retreat. Different views on coastal protection.

National, regional and local Case study of a located coral reef or a mangrove stand and its management.

 

Case study of a stretch of coastline under-pressure.

 

Case study of one stretch of retreating coastline

Field trip – Barton – on – Sea

Surveys

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