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Geographical Skills

Topic Key Theme
Geographical Skills This unit of work must be taught in conjunction with the units of work for AS. See JT (Maths) who are willing to teach the statistical skills section.
Basic Skills • annotation of illustrative material, base maps, sketch maps, OS maps, diagrams, graphs, sketches, photographs etc

• use of overlays

• literacy skills.

Investigative Skills • identification of aims, geographical questions and issues, and effective approaches to enquiry

• identification, selection and collection of quantitative and qualitative evidence, including the use of appropriate sampling techniques, from primary sources (including fieldwork) and secondary sources.

• processing, presentation, analysis and

interpretation of evidence

• drawing conclusions and showing an awareness of the validity of conclusions

• evaluation, including further research opportunities

• risk assessment and identification of strategies for minimising health and safety risks in undertaking fieldwork.

Cartographic Skills • atlas maps

• base maps

• sketch maps

• Ordnance Survey maps at a variety of scales

• maps with located proportional symbols – squares, circles, semi-circles, bars

• maps showing movement – flow lines, desire lines and trip lines

• choropleth, isoline and dot maps.

In addition, to include at A2:

• weather maps – including synoptic charts

• detailed town centre plans.

Graphical Skills • line graphs – simple, comparative, compound and divergent

• bar graphs – simple, comparative, compound and divergent

• scatter graphs – and use of best fit line

• pie charts and proportional divided circles

• triangular graphs

• radial diagrams

• logarithmic scales

• dispersion diagrams.

In addition, to include at A2:

• kite diagrams.

ICT Skills


(See the IT department – many of these areas are done within the IT GCSE section)

use of remotely sensed data – hotographs,

digital images including those captured by satellite

• use of databases, e.g. census data, Environment Agency data; meteorological office data

• use of geographical information systems (GIS)

• presentation of text and graphical and cartographic images using ICT.

Statistical Skills • measures of central tendency – mean, mode, median

• measures of dispersion – interquartile range and standard deviation

• Spearman’s rank correlation test

• application of significance level in inferential statistical results.

In addition, to include at A2:

• comparative tests – Chi-squared, Mann Whitney U Test.

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