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Core Human – Population Change

Topic Key Themes Resources
Core Human Section

Population Change

Population indicators Vital rates (birth rate, death rate, fertility rate, infant mortality rate, life expectancy, migration rate and population density) for countries at different stages of development. Philip Allan: 145 – 153

Oxford: 159 – 163


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Population change The demographic transition model (5 stages), its validity and applicability in countries at different stages of development. Philip Allan: 153 – 156

Oxford: 164 – 168



Population structures at different stages of the

demographic transition

The impact of migration on national population structure. The implications of different structures for the balance between population and resources. Philip Allan: 161 – 167

Oxford: 168 – 179



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Social, economic and political implications of population change. Attempts to manage population change to achieve sustainable development with reference to two case studies of countries at different stages of development. Philip Allan: 168 – 172 & 182 – 187

Oxford: 180 – 187

Natural population change and migration The ways natural population change and migration affect the character of rural and urban areas. Philip Allan: 172 – 176

Oxford: 190 till the end



Settlement Comparing two (or more) of the following areas – an inner city area, a suburban area, an area of rural/urban fringe and an area of rural settlement.


To include reference to characteristics such as: housing, ethnicity, age structure, wealth and employment and the provision of services.


The implications of the above for social welfare.

Philip Allan: 188 – 198

Oxford: 190 – 205



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