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Contemporary conflicts and challenges

Topic Key Theme Resources
Contemporary Conflicts and Challenges    
The geographical basis of conflict    
Nature and origin of conflict Identity (nationalism, regionalism, localism), ethnicity, culture; resources including territory; ideology. Philip Allan: 231 – 133

Oxford: 174 – 249

Patterns of conflict National, regional, local.



Philip Allan: 233

Oxford: 250 – 252

Expression of conflict Non-violent, political activity, debate, terrorism, insurrection, war.


Philip Allan: 233 – 235

Oxford: 250 – 253

Conflict resolution   Philip Allan: 235

Oxford: 253

Conflict over the use of a local resource (e.g. land, buildings, space)    
The reason The reason for the conflict, and the attitudes of different groups of people to the conflict. Philip Allan: 235 – 241

Oxford: 254 – 261

Processes The processes which operate to resolve the conflict.


Outcome Recognition that some people benefit, whereas others may lose, when the outcome is decided.  
The geographical impact of international


The social, economic and environmental issues

associated with major international conflicts that have taken place within the last 30 years.

The examination of one or more case studies. For example, in the early 21st century, this could include an examination of international conflicts such as those in:

• Gaza and the West Bank in the Middle East

• Afghanistan

• The Darfur region of Sudan.

Philip Allan: 242 – 246 (Israeli / Palestinian conflict)


Oxford: 270 – 277 (Afghanistan)

The challenge of multicultural societies in the


Reasons Reasons for the development of multicultural societies. Philip Allan: 242 – 246

Oxford: 278 – 284

Cultural groupings The geographical distribution of cultural groupings.  
Multicultural societies Issues related to multicultural societies.  
Separatism within and/or across national


Nature, reason and consequences The nature of separatism.

Reasons for separatism.

Consequences of separatism

Philip Allan: 260 – 265

Oxford: 262 – 269

The challenge of global poverty    
Distribution, causes and addressing poverty The global distribution of poverty. Causes of poverty.

Addressing poverty on a global scale, including the

work by international agencies such as the United


Philip Allan: 265 – 277

Oxford: 284 – 289

The issue: “No development without security, and no security without development”.   Philip Allan: 277 – 281
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