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A3-IB Geography

Geography is a dynamic subject that is firmly grounded in the real world and focuses on the interactions

between individuals, societies and the physical environment in both time and space. It seeks to identify

trends and patterns in these interactions and examines the processes behind them. It also investigates the

way that people adapt and respond to change and evaluates management strategies associated with such

change. Geography describes and helps to explain the similarities and differences between spaces and

places. These may be defined on a variety of scales and from a range of perspectives.

Within group 3 subjects, geography is distinctive in that it occupies the middle ground between social

sciences and natural sciences. The Diploma Programme geography course integrates both physical and

human geography, and ensures that students acquire elements of both scientific and socio‑economic

methodologies. Geography takes advantage of its position between both these groups of subjects to

examine relevant concepts and ideas from a wide variety of disciplines. This helps students develop an

appreciation of, and a respect for, alternative approaches, viewpoints and ideas.

Geography and the international dimension

The geography course embodies global and international awareness in several distinct ways. It examines

key global issues, such as poverty, sustainability and climate change. It considers examples and detailed

case studies at a variety of scales, from local to regional, national and international.

Geography seeks to develop international understanding and foster a concern for global issues as well as to

raise students’ awareness of their own responsibility at a local level. Geography also aims to develop values

and attitudes that will help students reach a degree of personal commitment in trying to resolve these

issues, appreciating our shared responsibility as citizens of an increasingly interconnected world.





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