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Economic change in the UK

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Key idea Specification content
Major changes in the economy of the UK have affected, and will continue to affect, employment patterns and regional growth. Economic futures in the UK:

• causes of economic change: de-industrialisation and decline of traditional industrial base, globalisation and government policies • moving towards a post-industrial economy: development of information technology, service industries, finance, research, science and business parks • impacts of industry on the physical environment. An example of how modern industrial development can be more environmentally sustainable • social and economic changes in the rural landscape in one area of population growth and one area of population decline • improvements and new developments in road and rail infrastructure, port and airport capacity • the north–south divide. Strategies used in an attempt to resolve regional differences • the place of the UK in the wider world. Links through trade, culture, transport, and electronic communication. Economic and political links: the European Union (EU) and Commonwealth.

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